United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27Starting on 6 November and ending on 18 November), its main aim is to “guarantee the full implementation of the Paris Agreement”.
And on the main targets world Health Organization (WHO) assures that health should be the focus of this Conference, adding that the climate crisis “continues to cause disease and endanger people’s lives.”
WHO considered that the conference needed to make progress on key objectives such as mitigation, adaptation, financing and cooperation. climate crisis.
This Conference is held in the context of a lack of enthusiasm to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. According to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, CO2 emissions must be reduced Achieve the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius by the end of this century, by 45 percent by 2030.
UN Climate Change Secretary-General Simon Stiell, in his keynote speech at COP27, urged governments to focus on three critical areas at COP27. The first is a transition towards the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the transformation of negotiations into concrete actions.
Second, to consolidate progress in key business lines related to mitigation, compliance, financing and loss and damage; third, to promote the principles of transparency and accountability throughout the UN climate change process.
“Climate change is making millions of people around the world sick or more vulnerable to disease. increased destructiveness WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said extreme weather events disproportionately affected poor and marginalized communities, adding that it was “very important” for leaders and decision-makers to come together at COP27 and put health at the center of society. negotiations”.
WHO has assured that health depends on the ecosystems that surround us, and these ecosystems are “now threatened by deforestation, agriculture and rapid urban development.”
“Increasing encroachment on animal habitats, viruses harmful to humans migration from animal hosts. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause an additional 250,000 deaths each year due to malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress.
Despite these statements, WHO stressed that there is “room for hope”, especially if governments “take action now”. Fulfilling the commitments made in Glasgow in November 2021”.
WHO also urged governments to lead the way in the rapid, equitable and progressive elimination of deaths. fossil fuels and the transition to a clean energy future, as this “will represent one of the most important contributions to mitigating climate change.”
“Climate policy must now put health at the center and support climate change mitigation policies that also deliver health benefits,” WHO said. health-oriented climate policy “It will help achieve a planet with cleaner air, safer and more abundant food and drinking water, more efficient and equitable health and social protection systems, and, ultimately, healthier people.”
Regarding investment in clean energy, the Organization has assured that “an investment in health will yield more than double the benefit”.
“There are proven interventions that can reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants.” As an example of these measures, WHO has set forth the application of stricter standards for vehicle emissions based on calculations. could save about 2.4 million lives a year through improving air quality and reducing global warming by around 0.5°C by 2050. “The cost of renewable energy sources has dropped significantly in recent years, and solar power is now cheaper than coal or gas in most major economies,” the Organization concluded in a statement.
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