The most common mental health disorders: how to detect?

The most common mental health disorders: how to detect?

According to the data obtained from the health center program Access the Community Health NetworkReleased in November 2022, “One in five adults in the United States will experience a lifetime of mental illness. Currently, approximately 10 million Americans (1 in 25) live with a serious mental disorder, including: anxiety, depression and bipolar disorder”.

Why does mental health deteriorate? There are several explanations. By page According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Department of Mental Health, factors that can cause mental problems include a biological nature (such as genes or brain chemistry), life experiences (such as trauma or abuse), and family history. Mental health problems.

What happens when you don’t have good mental health? A person cannot realize his potential, cannot cope with the stress of life, cannot work efficiently or make significant contributions to the society he lives in.

What are the symptoms of these problems? Some of the symptoms are eating or sleeping too much or too little, withdrawing from normal people and activities, having little or no energy, feeling helpless or hopeless, drinking or using drugs more than usual, feeling unusually nervous or angry.

There are three most common mental health disorders in the US: anxiety, major depression, and bipolar.

anxiety disorder

According to that National Institute of Mental Health“This disorder can make you feel like you’re in a constant state of worry, fear, and dread in your daily life. The good news is that generalized anxiety disorder is treatable.”

“Generalized anxiety disorder develops slowly. It usually starts around age 30, but can also occur in childhood. The disorder is more common in women than men.

this American Anxiety and Depression Association stresses that anxiety disorder affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% of the US population, but only 43.2% receives treatment. It also reveals that women are twice as likely to be affected than men. Anxiety disorder often co-occurs with major depression.

major depressive disorder

as detailed Access the Community Health NetworkIt is the leading cause of disability for Americans ages 15 to 44. “This disorder is more common in women than men. Some of the symptoms include depressed mood, decreased interest or pleasure, weight changes, appetite and sleep patterns, fatigue and feelings of worthlessness. This can only be diagnosed by consulting a medical provider,” explains a recent reporter. report.

this National Institute of Mental Health He confirms on his page that although all people feel sad or down at times, these feelings usually disappear in a short time. Now, depression, also called “clinical depression” or “major depressive disorder,” is different. It can cause serious symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and coordinate daily activities such as sleeping, eating, or working.

It is worth noting that the disease can affect anyone, regardless of age, race, income, culture or education level. Depression can co-occur with other mental disorders and illnesses such as diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and chronic pain, making these health problems worse and vice versa.

Unfortunately, sometimes medications taken for these illnesses cause side effects that add to the symptoms of depression.

Bipolar disorder

Page Access the Community Health Network shows that bipolar disorders affect men and women equally and the average age of development of bipolar disorder is around 25, although it can occur later. Among the problems these people often present are severe episodes of mania in which their mood and behavior are drastically different from normal, such as changes in energy, activity, or sleep patterns.

bipolar disorder, discusses It can be chronic or episodic (that is, it occurs occasionally and at irregular intervals) and is sometimes called manic-depressive disorder or manic depression, both of which are older terms, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

To make a diagnosis, specialists perform a physical examination along with a psychiatric evaluation that examines mood for a period of time.

mental health coverage

The good news is that health insurance includes more treatments and there is less bias about it nowadays, so it’s easier to find help. By page From the aforementioned Mental Health USA, since 2014, most individual and small group health insurance plans, including plans sold on the Marketplace, must cover mental health and substance use disorder services.

In addition, Medicaid alternative benefit plans should cover mental health and substance use disorder services. These plans should cover basic health benefits, which include the 10 benefit categories defined by health law. These categories include mental health and substance use disorder services and rehabilitation.

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