Recently, the focus has been placed on: sanity, especially the media, as it is a growing problem and there are few ways to mitigate it. However, a report by the Madrid Dam Association (APM) reveals that journalists suffer from such problems at a high rate.
Between 24% and 35% of journalists agree have a “serious” or “somewhat serious” mental health problem, According to a survey of 1,328 journalists collected in the Madrid Press Association’s (APM) Journalism Profession 2022 Report, the highest number in recent years.
Also, around 70% of journalists and communicators think: mental health status of groups is a problem and half of the professionals who responded to the survey admit that they “severely suffer from certain symptoms that are traditionally considered mental health: stress, fatigue, sleep disturbances or anxiety.”
Likewise, with regard to the source of journalists’ and communicators’ mental health problems, the report confirms that for journalists it must be sought in conditions of job insecurity, while for hired communicators it is primarily due to your inherent problems. activity.
“Labor problems already Harming the health of journalistsit needs to be addressed before it gets serious”, Luis Palacio, director of the report, explained during the presentation.
On journalists’ independence and reliance on information, Palacios points to the true extent of journalists’ difficulties in meeting their professional obligations, with “more than three-quarters” of hired and freelance journalists receiving varying degrees. Pressures to change important and relevant elements of their information». “And about 10% take them regularly,” he added.
The survey found that more than half of the positions receiving these pressures middle managers According to the director, “they should be the first to be concerned with defending their independence.”
Also, around 70% of respondents agree that they need to put pressure on journalists in their work, and 15% say they have to do so frequently. ethical issues.
In any case, according to the report, journalists gained independence by a few tenths compared to last year, but still below 5, especially 4.7. However, the Spanish community rates the confidence in information received from the media and prepared by journalists as 5.2.
Percentage of professionals who think bad image of journalismincreased from 76% to 82% for reasons such as sensationalism, lack of rigor and quality of information, economic or political interests of the media. In short, a lack of independence and objectivity.
In this sense, half of the respondents – more than half of the young people – point out that the responsibility to improve the image is in journalism companies before professional organizations or those who think that this image only improves with work.
Journalist unemployment fell by 17 percent
On the other hand, the report states that, as in 2021, the journalists’ strike again fell 17% As Palacio explains, it’s in 2022 that puts these data at the “lowest level” since the 2008 crisis.
“We are talking about formal unemployment, that is, we are talking about professionals who are registered with a previous job and request a new job. It does not include recent graduates (8,700 compared to 6,000 unemployed) who have not found a job opportunity, or professionals who are seeking employment in other ways.”
In addition, according to the survey; The main problems of the profession are low wages.followed by unemployment and insecurity, and finally the lack of political and economic independence of the media.
The working conditions of journalists and communicators are not improving, according to the study. In this sense, highlight long working hours. 61% of contract journalists and 47% of freelancers work more than 40 hours a week (55% and 47% for communicators, respectively).
On the other hand, the report shows equal equality between men and women in the newsroom, but the presence of women “substantially” declines as they rise to positions of greater responsibility. For example, only 23 of the 100 most relevant media are directed by a woman.
Regarding recruiting in the media, this data continues to increase and women represent 52%this figure is approaching Journalism graduates, who each year represent 60% of women and 40% of men.
Training of journalists
According to the report, Journalistic studies remain attractive to young SpaniardsAs 22,000 to 23,000 students enroll in different grade levels each year. “We should add to them the 3,000 to 4,000 students enrolled in master’s degrees,” Palacio added.
In any case, the survey found that 74% of those consulted, especially the youngest, Lack of adaptation of work plans professional needs and 62% of professionals think that the probability of studying Journalism “should be adapted to the potential demand for professionals, namely the labor market”.
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